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Is the library allowed to lend an article written by a third party?


Yes, as long as it is a paper article, the lending period is limited and the library doesn't make a profit. Although lending works is regarded as a form of disclosure, a library can still lend a printed article to its members. In this context, lending is defined as 'making an item available for use for a limited time without any (in)direct economic or commercial advantages by a publicly accessible institution'. There is no infringement if fair compensation is paid to the rightsholder. Education and research institutions are exempt from paying borrowing fees. The online delivery of an electronic article is considered as lending and is therefore not permitted.